Erskine of Mar

The largest subdivision of Clan Erskine is the Erskines of Mar. These Erskines were granted the Earldom of Mar by Mary Queen of Scots and established themselves over several centuries. John Erskine, 18th and 1st Earl of Mar was a caretaker to the infant King James and also served as Regent of Scotland during his minority before succumbing to a suspicious "illness" after dining with the man who would become the next Regent of Scotland, the Earl of Morton. Robert the Bruce first married Isabella of Mar the daughter of Domnhall, 5th Earl of Mar. The Erskines of Mar descend from Robert II directly though their claim to the Earldom of Mar is through Helen of Mar, a daughter of Isabella's brother Gartnait, 6th Earl of Mar. The Jacobite Rising of 1715 was initiated in Braemar by John Erskine, 23rd and 6th Earl of Mar, in support of "The Old Pretender" James Francis Edward Stuart and restoring Scotland to its "ancient, free, and independent constitution." Almost every cadet branch of the clan is descended from an Erskine of Mar, though there are Erskines who are not.

Erskine of Mar Coat of Arms

Erskine of Dun

Sir Robert Erskine (1310 - 1385), Constable of Stirling Castle, High Chamberlain of Scotland, and Scottish Ambassador to England purchased the Barony and the House of Dun. He was the son of Sir William Erskine and Beatrix Stewart of Crawford. Sir John Erskine, 1st Laird of Dun received the lands of Dun from his father and had a charter to them from King Robert II on 25 October 1392. The House of Dun became his only property and home. The Erskine Lairds of Dun dwelt in an unbroken line from 1392 until 1980 in the great house known as the House of Dun. John Erskine, 4th Laird of Dun died at The Battle of Flodden, the largest battle fought between England and Scotland.

Sir John Erskine, Laird of Dun (1509-1591) was a Scottish religious former noted for his influence in the Scottish Reformation. At the age of 21, Sir John Erskine was the cause, probably by accident, of a priest's death, and was subsequently forced to go abroad. It was through him that Greek was first taught in Scotland by Pierre de Marsilliers, whom Erskine brought to live at Montrose. This was a factor in the progress of the Reformation. John Erskine was a close friend of George Wishart, whose fate Erskine avoided through his status and wealth, and John Knox, who advised him to disapprove the mass openly. Following his ordination to the ministry in 1561, he was held in such high esteem by the church leaders that he was elected moderator of the general assembly several times, the first in 1564, and he was among those who drew up the Second Book of Discipline. From 1579 he was a member of the king's council. Despite their differences, Queen Mary describe him as "a mild and sweet-natured man, with true honesty and uprightness." He even mediated between John Knox and Mary Queen of Scots.

Margaret Erskine, 17th Laird of Dun married Archibald Kennedy, 1st Marquess of Ailsa, 12th Earl of Cassilis. Their grandson Capt. William Henry Kennedey Erskine was 18th Laird of Dun. Milicent Alison Augusta Kennedey Erskine was the 21st and Last Laird of Dun from 7 April 1899 - 1980.

Erskine of Dun Coat of Arms

Margaret Erskine (1772 - 1848), 17th Laird of Dun

Erskine of Buchan

John Stewart, 3rd Earl of Buchan's only son by his first marriage, John Stewart, Master of Buchan, was killed at the Battle of Pinkie in 1547. So, the Earldom of Buchan was succeeded by the Earl's granddaughter, Mary, suo jure Countess of Buchan. She married James Erskine, a younger son of John Erskine, 19th and 2nd Earl of Mar. James Erskine assumed the Earldom of Buchan in right of his wife. In 1617 they were created by Royal charter Earl and Countess of Buchan, with remainder to their heirs male of the marriage, whom failing, to the legitimate and nearest heirs-male and assignees of the Earl. James was succeeded by his younger brother Henry Erskine's grandson - David Erskine, 4th Lord Cardross, who became 9th Earl of Buchan. David was succeeded by his eldest surviving son, Henry Erskine, 10th Earl of Buchan, who in turn was succeeded by David Steuart Erskine.

David Steuart Erskine, 11th Earl of Buchan was the founder of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland who was also friends with Benjamin Franklin. A supporter of the American cause for Independence, he corresponded with George Washingon and sent him a box made from the oak that hid William Wallace after the Battle of Falkirk. In his will, Washington thanked the Earl for presenting the box to him along with sentiments which accompanied it. Spending much of his later time at Dryburgh Abbey, he embellished the grounds with monuments including commemorations of his ancestors Robert Burns and William Wallace. He also commissioned a cable-stayed bridge over the River Tweed at Dryburgh. His eccentricity tended to overshadow his talent in later life, according to Sir Walter Scott.

Erskine of Buchan Coat of Arms

David Steuart Erskine (1742 - 1829), 11th Earl of Buchan

Erskine of Alva

Sir Charles Erskine of Alva was the son of John Erskine, 19th and 2nd Earl of Mar, and Lady Mary Stuart. He married Mary Hope. Their son, Sir Charles Erskine, 1st Baronet of Alva married Christian Dundas, daughter of Sir James Dundas, Lord Arniston, and Marion Boyd in 1670. He held the office of Member of Parliament (M.P.) for Clackmannanshire between 1665 and 1667. He was created 1st Baronet Erskine of Alva on 30 April 1666. He held the office of Member of Parliament for Stirling from 1689 to 1690. Sir Henry Erskine, 5th Baronet of Alva was a Lieutenant-General in the Army. He succeeded to the Baronetcy and family estate when his elder brother Charles, 4th Baronet of Alva was killed in action at the Battle of Lauffeld in 1747. He then served as a Member of Parliament for Ayr Burghs and for Anstruther Easter Burghs.

Erskine of Alva Coat of Arms

Erskine of Rosslyn

General James Alexander St Clair Erskine, 2nd Earl of Rosslyn was a soldier, politician, and Acting Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Scotland. He was the son of Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Erskine, 5th Baronet of Alva and Janet, daughter of Peter Wedderburn, and a sister of Alexander Wedderburn, 1st Earl of Rosslyn. James succeeded to 6th Baronet of Alva in 1765 on the death of his father. In January, 1805 he succesed his uncle as Earl of Rosslyn. When he inherited the Rosslyn and Dysart estates from his cousin James Paterson St. Clair, he adopted the surname St. Clair Erskine. His son James Alexander St.Clair Erskine, 3rd Earl of Rosslyn was a General in the British Army and was Under-Secretary of State for War in 1859. The current holder of the Earldom of Rosslyn is Peter St Clair-Erskine, 7th Earl of Rosslyn, known professionally as Peter Loughborough. He is a former Metropolitan Police Commander. In March 2014, Peter was appointed Master of the Household to the Prince of Wales, and the Duchess of Cornwall at Clarence House. On 29 September 2014, he was appointed a Commander of the Royal Victorian Order (CVO) upon relinquishing his appointment as Head of Royalty and Specialist Protection Department. The Earl's lands include the world-famous Rosslyn Chapel.

Erskine of Rosslyn Coat of Arms

Rosslyn Chapel

Erskine of Cardross

John Erskine, 19th and 2nd Earl of Mar, joined the English privy council after the Union of the Crowns, the ascension of James VI of Scotland to the thrones of England and Ireland. He was created Lord Cardross in 1610, and was a member of the Court of High Commission andLord High Treasurer of Scotland from 1615 to 1630. In 1608 Henry Howard, 1st EArl of Northampton wrote to John Erskine asking for recipe that would restore his favor with Anne of Denmark. He died in Stirling on 14 Decemember 1643. David Erskine, 2nd Lord Cardross was the only son of Henry Erskine, second son of John Erskine, 19th and 2nd Earl of Mar, 1st Lord Cardross and his second wife Marie Stewart, the daughter of Esme Stewart, 1st Duke of Lennox at Holyroodhouse. He was heir to the Barony of Cardoss by his wife Margaret, the only daughter of Sir James Bellenden of Broughton, near Edinburgh. On the death of his father David became vested in the title of Cardross and was served heir to his father in the barony. David Erskine was one of the few peers who protested against the delivering up ofCharles I to the English army at Newcastle in 1646, and was a promoter of the "engagement" in 1648, for which he was fined 1,000 pounds, and debarred from sitting in parliament in 1649.

Henry Erskine, 3rd Lord Cardross was the eldest son of David Erskine and his first wife Anne Hope, the daughter of the king's advocate Sir Thomas Hope. Henry was educated by his father in the principles of The Covenanters, a Scottish Presybyetian movement, at an early period distinguished himself by his opposition to the administration of Lauderdale. In this he was strongly supporsted by his wife Catherine, youngest of the two daughters and coheiresses of Sir William Stewart of Kirkhill. Due to his wife determination to have a Presbyterian chaplain to perform worship in her own house, he was fined 4,000 pounts, of which he paid 1,000. After an attempt to obtain a remiossion for the balance he was comminted on 5 August 1675 to the prison of Edinburgh for 4 years. In May of the same year, a party of guards in search of a covenanter named John King entered his house at midnight, broke into his chests, and after acting with great rudeness towards his wife placed a guard on it. On 7 Aug 1677 while still in prison, he was fined in one half of his rent for permitting two of his children to be christened by unlicensed ministers. In 1679 the king's forces in their march westwards went two miles out of their way to quarter on his estates of Kirlhill and Uphall in West Lothian. He obtain realese from prison on July 30th of that year, on giving bond for the amount of his fine, and early next year went to London where he laid before the king a narrative of the sufferings to which he had been exposed. This proceeding greatly offended the Scottish privvy council, who accused Henry Erskine, Lord Cardross of misrepresentation, resulting in all redress being denied to him. Thereupon he emigrated to North America, where he established a plantation at Charlestown Neck, South Carolina. On 28 October 1685 his estate in Sctoland was exposed to sale by public roup, and was bought by The Earl of Mar at seveteen years' pruchase. Spaniard drove Henry Erskine from his settlement in Carolina, so he went to Holland, and in 1688 he accompanied the Prince of Orange to England. In the following year, he raised a regiment of dragoons and served under General Mackay against Dundee. An act was passed restoring him to his estastes and he was sworn in as a privvy councilor and constituted general of the mint. 1n July 1689 the Duke of Hamilton, the king's commissioner, fell "with great violence" upon Lord Cardross, asserting that it was by his dragoons that the episcopal minister of Logie had been prevented from entering his chruch, but Henry denied all knowledge of anything asserted to have happened.

Henry Erskine, 3rd Lord Cardross was engaged in the Battle of Killiecrankie, of which he sent an account to Lord Melville in a letter on July 30th. When the Duke of Hamilton proposed a new oath to the council, Cardross objected to it as contrary to the instrument of government, and also "because the maner of sewaring by tyhe Bible is nether the Scottish nor the Presbiterian forme, and seems to raise the Bible as more than God." In 1690 he was appointed one of a commision to examine into the condition of the universities. In October 1691 he went to London with the Earl of Crawford to support the proceedings of the Scotch council against the episcopilians. His son Sir David Erskine, 4th Lord Cardross ascended to the Earldom of Buchan, becoming 9th Earl of Buchan whereupon the Lordship of Cardross became a subsidiary title of the Earldom of Buchan

Erskine of Cardross Coat of Arms

1st and 4th grand quarters: Cardross
2nd grand quarterly 1 and 4: Mar
2nd grand quarterly 2 and 3: Erskine
3rd grand quarterly 1 and 4: Stewart
3rd grand quarterly 2 and 3: Cumming

Erskine of Kellie

Thomas Esrkine, 1st Earl of Kellie was the eldest surviving son of Margaret Home and Sir Alexander Erskine of Gogar, a Scottish laird and keeper of James VI of Scotland at Stirling Castle. Alexander in turn was the son of John Erskine, 5th Lord Erskine, and Lady Margaret Campbell, a daughter of Archibald Campbell, 2nd Earl of Argyll who was styled "Master of Mar". Thomas was a school classmate and lifelone personal friend of James VI of England (later James I of England). He was a server at the king's table, a "seward", and in 1585 was made a Gentleman of His Majesty's Bedchamber. In January 1593 James VI set a tax anticipating the expenses of the birth and baptism of Prince Henry, and apointed Thomas Erskine as Collector General of this tax. At a tournament during the baptism festivities, Erskine was on a team with the King, dressed as the Knights of Malta. He was also with King James during the Gowrie Conspiracy in 1600, when James accused the Ruthven brothers of kidnapping him at their house in Perth, and subsequently awarded a third of the confiscated land of the Ruthvents to Lord ERskine in 1604. He was made a Privy Councilor in 1601 and accompanied the Duke of Lennox on a diplomatic journey to France. He also traveled with King James to England when he ascended to the English throne in 1603. He was made Captain of the Guard 1603-1617 and GRoom of the Stool in 1604, created Viscout Fenton in 1606 and acquired Kellie Castle from the 5th Lord Oliphant in 1613, and was given the barony of Kellie. He was made a Knight of the Garter in 1615 and the Earl of Kellie in March 1619. When King James died in March 1625 the Privy Council drafted a proclmation. Thomas Erskine, 1st Earl of Kellie reminded them that James had preferred the tiel "King of Great Britain" and he assured the council that using "King of England and Scotland" would not please the people of Scotland. His son predeceased him in 1633 and he died in London in 1639, to be succeed by his grandson, Thomas Erskine, 2nd Earl of Kellie.

Alexander Erskine, 3rd Earl of Kellie, the son of the 2nd Earl of Kellie, was a staunch Royalist. He fought a a Colonel of Foot for Fife and Kinross, and in 1648 was involved in an attempt to rescue the King. Afterwards he was sent to the Neteherlands to fight for Charles II and was eventually captured in the Battle of Worcester in 1651, afterwhich he spent many years imprisoned. His estates were confiscated by the Commonwealth under the provisions of Cromwell's Act of Grace. After the restoration of the monarchyi n 1660 he was appointed governor of te fort and town of Ayr, lieutenant-colonel of the guards, and in 1661 he became a Privy Councilor.

Thomas Alexander Esrkine, 6th Earl of Kelley was styled Viscount Fentoun and Lord Pittenweem until 1756. He was a musician and composer whose considerable talen brought him international fame and his rakish habits notoriety. Recent recordings of his surviving compositions have lead him to be re-evaluated as one of the most important Britsih composers of the 18th century, and a prime example of Scotland's music. His father, Alexander Erskine, 5th Earl of Kellie was incarerated at Edinburgh Castle for supporting the Jacobites in the Jacobite Rising of 1745. Thomas attended the Royal High School, Edinburgh, and around 1752 left for Mannheim, Germany to study under the elder Johann Stamitz, founding father of the Mannheim school. Stamitz is stylistically transitional between Baroque and Classical periods. In 1756 Alexander Erskine returned to Scotland as a virtuoso violinist and composer, nicknamed "Fiddler Tam", and he began to propagate the modern Mannheim style. Six of his three-movement "Ovetures" (Symphonies) were published in Edinburgh in 1761/ James Boswell borwed five guineas from Erskine on 20 Octobor 1762 and on 26 May 1763 took him on a visit to Lord Eglinton's in lond, where the overture the Earl of Kellie composed for the popular pastiche The Maid of the Hill became extremely popular. In 1676 the Earl returned again to Scotland, where he became a leading light of the Edinburgh Musical Society, acting as deputy governor, and directed the concerts in St Cecillia's Hall in Niddy Street in Edinburgh as violinist. An active Freemason, he was elected fourth Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of the Ancients at London in 1760 and served in that office for sixe years. He also served as 24th Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Scotland from 1763 to 1765. He founded an all-male drinking club and reportedly the playwright Samuel Foote advised Thome Erskine, 6th Earl of Kellie to put his red nose into his greenhouse to ripen his cucumbers (oh my). He tended to compose on the spot and absent-mindedly give music away without further thought of it. He died of a "putrid fever" in Brussels after his health suffered during a visit to Spa, Beligium.

John Francis Erskine was bor in 174 to Francis Pierrepont and James Pierrepont, a son of James Erskine, Lord Grange, the brother of John Erskine, 23rd and 6th Earl of Mar. James Francis Erskine retired from the military in 1770 with the rank of Captain. He successfully petetioned to succeed as the 24th and 7th Earl of Mar on 17 June 1824, restored by an Act of Parliament when he was around 83 years old. He married Frances Floyer and had 9 children.

Walter Henry Erskine succeeded his father, Walter Coningsby Erskine, 12th Earl of Kellie, as 13th Earl of Kellie, following his father's death. His father pursued a claim for the succession of the Earldom of Mar which was unresolved on hisdeath, but this claim was recognized in 1575 making Walter Henry the Earl of Mar also. However, this was modified in 1885 by a special Act of Parliament, which limited his claim to the succession of the 7th Earldom of Mar in its newest creation (that by Mary Queen of Scots). Since then another family has succeeded to the first creation of the Earldom of Mar, as a result there are two Earls of Mar at any one time. Walter was styled 11th Earl of Mar.

Walter John France Erskine, 12th Earl of Mar and 14th Earl of Kellie was a lieutenant in the Scots Guards from 1887-1892. He succeeded his father in 1888, was a Scottish Representative Peer from 1892-1950, and held office as Lord Lieutenant of Clackmannanshire from 1998 and Lord Clerk Register and Keeper of the Signet from 1936-1944. He was also Hereditary Keeper of Stirling Castle, and Honorary Colonel of the 7th Battalion Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders. He was appointed Knight of the Thistle in 1911 and was Chancellor of the Order from 1932-1949. His son John predeceased him so he was succeeded by his grandson, John Francis Hervey Erskine, 13th Earl of Mar, 15th Earl of Kellie.

John Francis Hervey Erskine's son James Thorne Erskine, 14th Earl of Mar, 16th Earl of Kellie is the current Chief of Clan Erskine. His mother was Pansy Constance Thorne. Because James has no children, his brother Hon. Alexander David Erskine is the heir presumptive to the Earldom of Mar and Kellie.

Erskine of Kellie Coat of Arms

Erskine of Little Sauchie and Balgownie

James Erskine of Little Sauchie and Balgownie was the son of Robert Erskine, 4th Lord Erskine and Isabel Campebell. He married Christine Stirling of Keir in about 1597. There are three slabs at present built into the ruined east wall of the long discussed Parish Chruch of Culross. They are the tombs of Sir James Erskine, the 1st Laird of Balgownie who died c. 1592, and of Robert Erskine, their eldest son and the 2nd LAird of Balgownie who died before 1597. A grant of Little Sauchie to James Erskine to himself and hise wife, and also the lands of Balgownie in the Parish of Culrros and Co. Perth, from William Commendator of Culross by charter date 14 March 1549. His wife's tomb is still in fair condition. Jame was usually style James Erskine of Little Sauchie in his lifetime, the designation of Balgownie being rare in earlier documents. His monument which is to the right of his wife is virtually obliterated. His son William Erksine was Bishop of Glasgow.

Jame's eldest son Robert Erskine of Little Sauchie had a charter on 21 Februrary 1565 from his father to himself and his wife Margaret Blackadder, the elst daughter of John Blackadder of Tuliallan, in provision fo the contract of marriage. A grad to his widow on 9 November 1597 shows that he was dead before that deate. His monument bears the Erskine arms and the initials RE but not trace of other inscription can now be discovered. His eldest son succeded him as Laird of Balgownie.

The following arms are registered at the Lyon Office: John Areskine (6th Laird) of Balgownie descended of a Second Son of the Familie of Marr Bears two coats quarterlie first azur a bend betwixt two cross crosslets fitched or second arg a pale within a bordure sable third as the second the fourth as the first Above the shield ane Helmet befitting his degree mantle gules doubled argent next is placed on ane Torc for his Crest c 1672.

John Erskine, 8th Laird of Balgownie died without issue in 1767 and was succeeded by his sister Hannah Erskine. She married John Cuningham on 5 april 1736 and their son Rev. Robert Cuningham became 9th Laird of Balgownie, after which time the Lairdship of Balgownie stayed in the Cunningham family. Likely as a nod to their Erskine origins, the 14th Laird of Balgownie was named John Alistair Erskine Cuningham.

Erskine of Balgownie Coat of Arms

Erskine of Shieldfield

Shieldfield or Shielfield (prounounced Sheefield) is near Dryburgh. Alexander Erskine was a descendant of Sir Robert Erskine, 4th Lord Erskine, and Isabella Campbell, born in about 1504. Though his descent from Sir Robert Erskine is not disputed, genealogists debate whethere he was his son or grandson, some claiming him to be the son of another of Robert's children, James Erskine of Little Sauchie. Alexander Erskine was ordained Parson of Monybreck (or Kilsyth). He married Elizabeth Halyburton and became the 1st Laird of Shieldfield. Their son, Ralph Erskine, inherited the estate of Shieldfield, and was Factor and Manager for David Erskine, Commendator of Dryburg.

Ralph's son Rev. Henry Erskine, the 9th of 12 children, studied at the University of Edinburgh. Around 1659 he began preaching the gospel. he was, by the English Presbyterians, ordained minister of Cornhill, in the county of Northumberland, where he continued till he was ejected by the act of Uniformity, August 24, 1662. He was thus minister of Cornhill for three years. He now removed with his family to Dryburgh, where he appears to have resided for eighteen years, and where he occasionally exercised his sacred office. In the severe persecution to which the Presbyterians in Scotland were at that period subjected, this faithful minister could not of course expect to escape; and, accordingly, on Sabbath, April 23, 1682, a party of soldiers came to his house, and, seizing him while worshiping God with his family, carried him to Melrose a prisoner. Next day he was released on bond for his appearance when required, and soon after was summoned to appear before the council at Edinburgh, to answer charges of sedition and disobedience, because he presumed to exercise his ministry without conforming to the new order of things. On his refusal to swear that he had not altogether refrained from the duties of his ministry, and to "give bond that he would preach no more at conventicles," he was ordered to pay a fine of 5,000 merks, and committed to the Tolbooth of Edinburgh, to be afterwards sent to the prison of the Bass till the fine was paid; but, on petition, he obtained a remission of his sentence on condition of leaving the kingdom. One account states, that he took refuge in Holland, whence the want of the necessaries of life induced him to return to Scotland, when he was imprisoned in the Bass for nearly three years, but this statement rests on questionable authority. It is certain that he resided for some time at Parkbridge, in Cumberland, and afterwards at Monilaws, about two miles from Cornhill, in Northumberland, whence he had been ejected. On July 2, 1685, he was again apprehended, and kept in prison till the 22d, when he was set at liberty, in terms of the act of Indemnity passed at the commencement of the reign of James II. In September 1687, after the toleration granted by King James' proclamation of indulgence, Mr. Erskine became minister of Whitsome, on the Scots side of the Border; and it was under his ministry, at this place, that the celebrated Thomas Boston received his first religious impressions. He remained at Whitsome till after the Revolution, when he was appointed minister of Chirnside, in the county of Berwick. He continued minister of that place till his death, August 10, 1696, aged sixty-eight. He left several Latin manuscripts, among others, a Compend of Theology, explanatory of some difficult passages of Scripture, none of which were ever published. He was twice married. His first wife, who died in 1670, was the mother of eight children, one of whom, Philip, conformed to the Church of England, and, receiving episcopal orders, held a rectory in the county of Northumberland. Another child of the first marriage became afterwards well-known as Mrs. Balderstone of Edinburgh, a woman of superior intelligence and of devoted piety. By his second wife, Margaret Halcro, a native of Orkney, a descendant of Halcro, prince of Denmark, and whose great grandmother was the Lady Barbara Stuart, daughter of Robert, earl of Orkney, son of James V., he was the father of Ebenezer and Ralph Erskine, the founders of the Secession in Scotland.

The second aisle of Dryburgh Abbey is the place of interment of the Erskines of Shieldfield. There are four gravestones placed in it - one has the following inscription:

"To the memory of the Erskines of Shieldfield.

Erskine of Shieldfield Coat of Arms

Clan Cairns

William de Carnys, Vicar of Glammys is the progenitor of Clan Cairns, who, like the Erskines, get their name from the region where they settled. The lands of Cairns are located in Mid Calder, near Edinburgh. William de Carnys was the son of Sir William Erskine and Lady Beatrix Alice Stewart of Crawford, the daughter of Alexander Stewart, 4th High Steward of Scotland. William de Carnys was a witness to a charter in 1349. He and his son Duncan held the baronies of Eastern and Western Whitburn.

Clan Cairns Coat of Arms

Cairns Castle

American Erskines

William Erskine Marrs Descendants

William Erskine Marrs was a possibly illegitimate son of John Erskine, 23rd and 6th Earl of Mar. Records indicate that he arrived in the colonies in 1720, settling near Chanceford, PA. According to genealogical records, William Erskine Marrs came to the colonies avoiding persecution, either by a leading religionist, or more likely for his connection to the Jacobite Rising of 1715. He bribed a guard with a coin hidden in his boot and escaped via the port of Bristol, working as a deckhand to pay his faire. In the colonies he married Pulsoholo Munday Folsom, the daughter of Adam Folsom and Rebecca Munday.

Adam Folsom was the son of Nathaniel Folsom and Aiahnichih Ohoyo (A woman to prefer above all others). She was a niece of Miko Puskush (Infant Chief) of the Choctaw, who was the father of Moshulatubbee. She descended from a long ancient line of chiefs, and belonged to the ancient lksa Hattakiholihta, one of the two great families, the other being Tashapaokla (Part of a people); the laws of which forbid any person, male or female, to marry any one of the same lksa. Pulsoholo Munday Folsom's uncle even became Chief of the Choctaw Nation.

The children of William Erskine Marrs and Pulsoholo Munday Folsom are Hugh Marrs, Barnabas Marrs, Henry Munday Marrs, Samuel Marrs, Alexander Marrs, William Marrs, John Erskine Marrs, James Marrs, Margaret (Marrs) Shannon and John Marrs. Their descendants spread throughout Pennsylvania, Ohio, Kentucky, and eventually throughout the United States. Accounts of William Erskine Marrs' descent from John Erskine, 23rd and 6th Earl of Mar spread through several branches of the family including via his son William Marrs, who shared the information in Shelby County, Ohio, and Samuel Marrs, who shared the story with his wife Francina Bradshaw. Thus the story we relayed in a quarterly genealogical publication by the Bradshaw family and a History of Shelby County, Ohio by W.H. Beers. Samuel Marrs also left a will in Kentucky which survives to this day.

Personal Coat of Arms honoring William Erskine Marrs

The center shield contains a red field and white rose, a Jacobite flag.

William's father John Erskine, 23rd and 6th Earl of Mar lead the Jacobite Rising of 1715.

The Erskine Studebaker

Albert Russel Erskine, born in Hunstville, Alabama, was an American businessmen who worked in a number of manufacturing industries before working for Studebaker, manufacturing cars in 1911. He served as Studebaker's president from 1915 until the firm encountered financial problems in 1933. During his term as president of Studebaker, Erskine encouraged engineers to develop advanced engines, resulting in the company achieving numerous racing wins and a bigger share of the upper-price market. Erskine was fascinated by smaller European vehicles and saw market potential for a short-wheel-base compact car, especially if Studebaker could expand its presence in the European market, so The Erskine 6 was first launched in Paris. When first introduced in the US, the 1927 model year, the Erskine card was fitted with six-cylinder Continental engines rather than the more advanced Studebaker units, and the cars were priced at $995. Body design was by Ray Deitrich, and it proved to be quite a head-turner, receiving numerous accolades from British and French press. However, within a year Ford introduced its Model A and priced it at $525, undercutting the Erskine by $470. Albert successfully strengthened Studebaker's core business and helped to guide the corporation toward technical advancements that eventually would help the company through the first few years of the depression.

1930 Erskine Model 53 by Studebaker

Front Decal - The Erskine of Shieldfield Arms

John Erskine, American Professor

John Erskine (5 October 1879 - 2 June 1951) was an American educator, pianist, and composer who was born in New York City, New York and raised in Weehawken, New Jersey. John was the son of James Morrison Erskine and Eliza Jane Hollingsworth. His line of Erskines came through Ireland before arriving in the United States, originally hailing from Dryburgh in Berwickshire. They descended from Sir Robert Erskine, 4th Lord Erskine, and Isabella Campbell. He was an English professor at Amherst College from 1903 to 109, then at Columbia University from 1909 to 1937. During his tenure at Columbia University he formulated the General Honors Course - responsible for inspiring the Great Books movement. He published over 100 books, novels, criticisms, and essays. The Moral Obligation to Be Intelligent (1915) is considered his most important essay and echoes the family motto of "Je Pense Plus." He cowrote the 1900 Varsity Show at Columbia, writing the musical score for The Governor's Vrouw, a two-act comic opera by Henry Sydnor Harrison and poet Melville Cane. He was also acclaimed for his novel The Private Life of Helen of Troy (1925), which was made into a silent film by the same name in 1927, directed by Alexander Korda. Other films based on his works include A Lady Surrenders (1930) by John M Stahl, Bachelor of Arts (1934) by Louis King, and The President's Mystery (1936), directed by Phil Rosen. The 1956 biopic of French noblewoman Diane de Poitiers entitled Diane was based on his story with a screenplay by Christopher Isherwood. He also wrote several books of music and the libretto for George Antheil's Opera Helen Retires (1931), which was also based on his novel The Private Life of Helen of Troy. He was the first president of the Julliard School of Music from 1928 to 1937 and the director of the Metropolitan Opera Association, which runs the Metropolitan Opera, a noted opera company based in New York City. The commemorate the 700th anniversary of Roger Back, Erskine wrote A Pageant of the Thirteenth Century, a biographical play which was produced at Columbia University, and published as a book by Columbia University Press in 1914. In 1946 he served as the first chairman of the American Writers Association. He was the grandfather of actress Lindsay Crouse and the great-grandfather of actress Zosia Mamet. Erskine Place, a street in The Bronx, was named after him.

"Lets tell young people the best books are yet to written; the best painting, the best government the best of everything is yet to be done by them."

-Professor John Erskine

Professor John Erskine (center left) with his family.

Septs and Associated Clans

Septs include Cairns, Marr, Mar, Marrs, Mars, Mair, Mairs, Morren, Strachan, and Tough. The names Alanach, Alenach, Allanach, Allanache, Allanock, Allenoch, Aricari, Auchterarne, Bartill, Bonach, Cunach, Durrat, Eggo, Ego, Egoson, Ergo, Ferrar, Garioch, Garrioch, Gerrie, Gerry, Haraldson, Ledigan, MacGaraidh, Skaid, Sked, Sleaster, Tais, and Taise are associated with the clan. We also share descent from Gilbert de Ghent, a Flemish commander at the Firing of York during the Norman Conquest, with Clan Lindsay.

Name Variants

Branches of the Erskine family have spread throughout the world, with large groups found in the UK, Ireland, France, Germany, Sweden, Canada, and the United States. There have been numerous variants and localizations of the name including Swedish/German Esken, and the Irish Askin.

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